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Shamûrash+Nasrânî

Shamhurish or Chaarmarouch Abbu al-Waleed (Arabic: ابا الوليد شمهورش "Shemhuresh, father of the New Born") (al-Tayyar, the flyer), is the king of Jupiter (Musytary), the day Thursday, the color Purple, the metal Tin and is monitored by the angel Tzedeqel (صرفيائيل). It is said that he had met the Prophet Muhammad, converted to Islam, became an alim and a qadi of jinn tribes, and finally died after the beginning of the twelfth century. His successor is named Mutawakill. He had a son called Sultan al-Khal ("the black sultan"). When Semhuresh died, he also left behind a daughter, who is still alive and assists women in practicing witchcraft. He is known as Melagoos "Shamhorash" which means the usher, the one who stands on the doors of the fifth palace for Satan and one of the servants of Prince Morrah son of Satan.

As Sidi Shamharush, Samhuras is venerated as a saint in some parts of the country, around Marrakech, as well as a court of ministers, pashas, and other traditional civil servants. He lived in the caves of mountains in the range of Goundafi in Morrocco, and he is said to be of enormous size and of malicious temper. He is rarely seen and any who attempt to go near him is hit with a shower of stones, which blinds the intruder.

Sidi Shamharush is said to have a complicated communications network that is likened to a river with a thousand tributaries, each of which has a thousand subtributaries. There is a jinn responsible for each of these rivers, who runs errands and carries messages fro the king of the jinn to the farthest reaches of the world.

According to the Buffis, Shamharush is still alive. He has been frequently present in patients coming for cure at the shrine. The healers treat him as one of the sultans of jinns. A Buffi healer narrates the adventures of Sidi Shamharush with a female fortuneteller. The woman was possessed by al-Basha Hammou who set up the condition that she had to visit Sidi Shamharush before he would release her. The following is an excerpt from the whole story:

Once they reached the saint Mulay Brahim near Marrakech, the Buffi healer and his female patient hired donkeys and mules to undertake the jouney to Shamharush. The saint appeared to be a remote stone in the wilderness surrounded by shanties. Once they arrived, the woman got afraid and asked the shrif how they would spend the night there. It was a deserted place. But when they entered a shanty, they found a still warm pasta dish waiting for them. They ate from it and went to sleep. The woman could not assimilate what was happening. Four dogs came to the place to watch over them. The following morning, they vanished. At noon, they heard someone calling outside. When they went out to see who was there, they saw no one except a large plate of couscous still h ot put on the ground. They ate from it and took the road back home.

The story of the Buffi is a tour de force boasting of how Shamharush, the Sultan of jinns, has entertained him and his woman companion. He has sent his jinn guardians assuming the shape of dogs to watch over them and evoked food from nowhere to supply them with. The baraka of bringing about food from nowhere is a recurrent prototypical motif in the maraboutic culture. Saints are believed to achieve this miracle. Perhaps, this is related to their social role marked throughout the history of Morocco by giving food to charity to requesters during times of drought and famine. The maraboutic tradition states that to eat from the food prepared or brought to the saint is to take a share of his baraka. Even the saint's baraka is sometimes referred to as food, particularly a loaf of bread (khubza) to be shared by his descendents and followers. In fact, most Buffis brag of their mastership of jinns.

Shamharush likes green or white fabric.

He is the offspring of al-Mushtari, lord of the planet Jupiter.

The title specifying that he is nasrani (‘Christian’), who is also known from some sources as Abu al-Walid or ‘Father of the Child’ (opposite). This is probably the reason why he is represented with a naked child in his hands, held upside down, although it is unclear whether Shamhurash’s influence over him is positive or negative. The talismanic symbols are complex and include also the hexagon, the ‘Seal [on the ring] of Solomon’ (khatam sulayman) which is formed by two triangles, one upright and the other upside down, symbolising the entire universe combining the upper and lower spheres.

InvocationEdit

Syamhurosy

AJIB YAA SYAMHUUROSY BIHAQQIL MALIKIL MUWAKKILI ALLADZI TASARRO-A FII KHIDMATIHI SHORFAYAA-IIL WA BIHAQQI SYATHOTHLASYIN (2X), BIQOTH-HIISYIN (2X), WABIHAQQI MAA LAWKHIL QUDROTI MAKTUUBUN AN TAWAKKALU BI (.........) ALUUHAN (2X), AL-AJAL (2X), AS-SAA’AH (2X) .

GalleryEdit

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